The ASCA National Model for School Counseling states: Standardizing the practices of an entire profession is an enormous undertaking, but for school counseling, it is necessary. The profession has suffered from a lack of consistent identity, lack of basic philosophy and, consequently, a lack of legitimization. ASCA wishes to thank Judy Bowers and Trish Hatch, PhD., who took on the task of developing The ASCA National Model: A Framework for School Counseling Programs, which was above and beyond their responsibilities as ASCA Governing Board members. The work of developing The ASCA National Model is their gift to ASCA and to school counselors across the country. They researched history, collected and analyzed state documents, conducted conversations, synthesized material and wrote the program handbook. Their joint efforts have produced a document intended to guide a state, district or local school through the process of designing, developing, implementing, and evaluating a program committed to enhancing high achievement for every student.
In December 2005, the Utah Comprehensive Counseling and Guidance Program (CCGP) received permission to adapt the ASCA National Model: a Framework for School Counseling Programs to a Utah specific version.
Following the recommendation of ASCA, the revised Utah Model for Comprehensive Counseling and Guidance: K-12 Programs is designed to serve every student in Utah even though we do not have school counselors in many of our elementary schools. In November 2008, the Utah State Board of Education passed a resolution in support or school counselors, supporting the expansion of comprehensive counseling and guidance programs to a K-12 model, urging that school counselors be relieved from test administration and coordination and other non-school counseling activities, and recommending counselor to student ratios not greater than 1:350.